More often than not, out of sheer passion and genuine concern for humanity’s survival, scientists and environmentalists can feel a sense of urgency to rain the consequences of our current actions towards the planet’s resources; some might even argue that we’re passed the point beyond return. However, such an approach can make people like you and I feel helpless and excluded. Luckily for us though, passionate, realistic and conscientious environmental health experts can help us fixate on the solutions, ask the right questions and take baby steps in our day-to-day lives towards those solutions.

Scientist and conservation practitioner Dr. Erik Meijaard, an honorary professor in conservation science with a focus on tropical species conservation and agriculture, has thirty years of experience in orangutan conservation in Indonesia and has done extensive work with the palm oil sector to reconcile biodiversity conservation and agricultural production objectives. Below, Dr. Meijaard shares with us his take on sustainability and the actions that we can take to promote a better future.

#1 Consumerism

The renowned researcher speaks to us of conscious consumption as one of the fundamental elements to preventing further damage to the climate, as well as its great potential to inspire global change towards developing a healthier and greener environment. Shedding a spotlight on consumerism, Dr. Meijaard explains it as a notion that appeals to our choices and needs. Asking ourselves whether that item is something that I need, as if it’s essential for me to make my life easier? Or is it an item, or even a service, that I can sacrifice? 

One way to look at this can be found in public transportation. If our workplace is nearby, cycling can be a nice way to commute instead of going by car. But, if the workplace is on the other side of town, it would be impractical to ask people to cycle all the way there! The idea of being conscientious with our choices can also be found in opting to buy fruits and vegetables that are grown seasonally and locally. In doing so, we’d be taking a responsive measure to support the green movement in avoiding food that needs to be transported and/or food that has been grown in greenhouses. With the added side perk of enabling restoring local economic balance!

#2 Rich Power Intervention

Dr. Meijaard tells us how “rich power,” or countries of the “global North,” carry much of the responsibility to encourage and implement the needed measures to perceive change. What does “rich power” refer to?

Let’s draw a mental chart! On one hand, you’ve got developed countries, those with a stable and higher economic status considered to be past their industrial phase, which qualifies a high-income status. On the other hand, you’ve got developing countries with a “developing economies” status, which means they’re still in their industrial phase and have the added burden of foreign companies of the Global North placing their factories in low-income countries. Essentially, that means countries of the Global North have an ecological impact that is far greater than those of the Global South, added to the fact that the former’s resources and opportunities for the Global North to be sustainable are wider. 

The main emphasis here, though, is mainly to draw attention to the fact that countries of the Global South tend to have higher poverty rates, so at this point, they’re just looking to cover their basic human needs, and they can’t be asked to sacrifice more than they already are. From his realistic perception, Dr. Meijaard considers the ethicality of asking people who are in need to have access to nutrients to cut out certain food out of their diet, stressing that “individuals’ rights” must be preserved and protected. In other words, it would be unethical to ask people who rarely ever have access to a well-balanced meal to cut out meat and dairy products, for example, because chances are their bodies are already in need of those nutrients.

Therefore, the responsibility mainly lies with the high-income countries, who have the privilege of considering consumerism in their lives, as well as “assessing the way [the West] lives, grows, and spends.” Dr. Meijaard stresses that a salvation plan for our planet is only feasible if the Western countries (European countries, United States, United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia) can unite and come together as a society “to turn things around.” Dr. Meijaard notes that positive trends have quite recently emerged in terms of the changing perception regarding sustainability. The scholar exemplifies it, through the recent attitude that some companies, as well as some governments have started tackling

Which brings us to another vital aspect, “community forest management,’’ promoting the preservation of the local’s rights to factor in making decisions relating to forest and land use. During his talk with us, Dr. Meijaard explains that this notion can be a tad “romanticized,” as it often “depends on context, leadership, how strongly structured the communities are, [and] how much transparency is there within the communities.”

 However, with the increasing rate of deforestation, governments, companies, and even societies can play a crucial role in assessing their approach and dictating the actions that can be adapted in the hope of mitigating further damage. If we look at oil palm production, for instance, Dr. Meijaard notices the key role that industries can play in global supply chains, stressing that palm oil is one of the most efficient, and relatively cheap oil crops, in comparison to its alternatives. So, when countries of higher-income pursue banning its production, it can massively affect those who make a living out of its production, and those who rely on it as their primary source of fat.

#3 Awareness and Inclusion

When asked about his recommendation to the people who strive to nurture their environmental health on a day to day basis, Dr. Meijaard highlights awareness, not just about the effects we’re already living, but on a more insightful scale. 

Let’s consider raising awareness for seeking new opportunities to restore balance between land use and poverty; finding the right balance means that 70% of global rural areas which suffer from poverty can potentially earn their living back again. Dr. Meijaard states that while the current situation is not ideal, he’s hopeful and optimistic that with an on-going pursuit for the appropriate solutions “a lot can be achieved.”  

Raising awareness about conservation management. Meijaard tells us that it all comes down to the “quality of management,” regardless of who’s carrying it out, be it a government, company, or even individuals in a community, as long as someone’s able to provide “good quality of management,” that would be the ultimate goal. It’s all about raising awareness of the appropriate techniques and “the conditions that need to be met” – in other words, nurturing best practices in both industry and conservation. This can be necessary and transformative for anyone who would like to be included and wants to have an idea of where to start and how to foster a healthy attitude towards the environment.   

Lastly, raising awareness about our current choices – we have every right to choose A instead of B, but it’s important to recognize the consequences of choosing A, and likewise, the consequences of choosing B. Identifying the current effects we’re living through is one thing, but identifying the effects we’re going to leave behind for the generations to come is another. It’s important to raise awareness about the possibilities of what we can leave behind, just as it is important to consider the consequences humanity may be forced to deal with.

After our talk with Dr. Erik Meijaard, we can see that it all boils down to one thing: appealing to our sensible side. Choices are a tricky thing, because our choices are what either helps create balance or causes imbalance, assessing our behaviors as consumers, while maintaining a practical and realistic mindset, to preserve the ethicality of it all. Sacrifices that need to be made are already enforced on some people across the globe, so working together to find the ways to restore balance couldn’t come at a better time. We believe in the conscientious side in you!